Top 100 Best Tech Companies In The World – P.26 - AMD: The leading developer of PC processors and technology

14-01-2021

(wcsa.world) Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.

While it initially manufactured its own processors, the company later outsourced its manufacturing, a practice known as going fabless, after GlobalFoundries was spun off in 2009. AMD's main products include microprocessors, motherboard chipsets, embedded processors and graphics processors for servers, workstations, personal computers and embedded system applications.

Advanced Micro Devices was formally incorporated by Jerry Sanders, along with seven of his colleagues from Fairchild Semiconductor, on May 1, 1969. Sanders, an electrical engineer who was the director of marketing at Fairchild, had, like many Fairchild executives, grown frustrated with the increasing lack of support, opportunity, and flexibility within the company, and decided to leave to start his own semiconductor company.

 

 

The company released its first product in 1970 and went public two years later. In the mid-1970s the company began producing computer chips.

Starting out as a second-source manufacturer of computer chips, the company placed a great emphasis on quality and grew steadily. In 1982 the company began supplying second-source chips for the Intel Corporation, which made the microprocessor used in IBM personal computers (PCs). The agreement with Intel ended in 1986.

 

 

In 1996 AMD acquired a microprocessor company known as NexGen and began branching out from the Intel-compatible chip market. In 2000 AMD introduced the Athlon processor, which was designed to run the Microsoft Corporation’s Windows operating system. With the release of the Athlon processor, AMD became the first company to produce a 1-GHz (gigahertz) microprocessor, which marked AMD as a serious competitor in the chip market.

In 2003 the company released the Opteron chip, another product that showcased the company’s ability to produce high-end chips. In 2006 AMD absorbed ATI Technologies, a manufacturer of video graphics cards for use in PCs.

 

 

In 2008 AMD announced plans to split the company in two—with one part designing microprocessors and the other manufacturing them. This announcement followed news that the Advanced Technology Investment Company and the Mubadala Development Company, both based in Abu Dhabi, would acquire a controlling interest in AMD, pending approval by shareholders and the U.S. and German governments.

In 2014 the company was restructured into two parts: computing and graphics, which made processors for personal computers, and enterprise, embedded, and semi-custom, which made more-specialized processors.

According to britannica.com and en.wikipedia.org


Mihan (Collect and edit) (wcsa.world)