In 1873, ground was broken on San Francisco's Clay Street for the world's first cable-powered railroad. Andrew Smith Hallidie was the English-American inventor of the cable railway. He had previously installed rope-ways at Californian mines to carry ore in iron buckets across canyons.
He adapted the same system to the haul street cars up the hills of the city, using an endless, moving underground wire rope to which a car could be attached to, or released from, at will. A company was formed in 1872, and Clay Street was selected as a suitable location to test the idea. The cable railway was constructed from the intersection of Clay and Kearny Streets to the crest of the hill, a distance of 2,800-ft, making a rise of 307-ft.
According to todayinsci